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ロシア年金基金のブロックチェーン移行で年金受給年齢の引き上げは防げる

7月19日ロシア連邦議会下院は、年金受給年齢を引き上げる法案を最初の審議で採択した。 2017-2018年の連邦予算の主要方針によれば、今や国家予算の4分の1が年金支出に費やされている。年金受給年齢の引き上げは、人口統計的な課題を解消する一つの方法である。 しかし専門家は別の解消方法があることを指摘する。それは包括的な年金改革であり、これには年齢により年金を決める原則と障害年金・遺族補助関連費用の構造の変更、そして年金基金自体の最適化が含まれる。 さらにロシア連邦政府付属金融大学の経済活動法的規制部門の上級講師であり法学副博士のヴェネラ・シャイドゥーリナ女史は、分散型台帳技術がこの改革に対して貢献できるということについて話している。 ロシアの年金基金における最適化の必要性 ロシアの年金基金の従業員数は世界で最も多く、およそ12万1千人にのぼる。つまり定年退職者100万人あたり1,925人のスタッフが基金で働いていることになる。これに次ぐのはアメリカの社会保障年金制度(6万人の従業員)である。アメリカの人口はロシアの約2倍だ。日本の場合、人口はロシアのそれに近いが、日本の国民年金機構で働く従業員は2万7千人である。 ロシア公共調達事務局のウェブサイトを見てみると、2011年から2017年までの期間で730億ルーブル以上の規模にのぼる2,300件の契約を締結したことが分かる。このうちコンピュータおよびソフトウェアの購入には約40億ルーブルが費やされ、残りは印刷サービス、文房具、通信、交通、建設、リフォーム、家具、燃料、衣服や靴の購入に使われた。ちなみにこの巨額の金額には、賃金、賃金控除、税金や手数料は含まれていない。 なお、ロシアの年金基金の財政赤字は年々増加しており、2018年には1,066億ルーブルから2,568億ルーブルへ倍増する見込みである。 このような基金の大規模な人員体制は、さまざまな詐欺行為を誘発している。例えば、年金基金スタッフがその立場を利用し、いわゆる「死んだ魂」(死亡した人の名前が悪用される場合に使われる言葉)の雇用関連公式文書に虚偽の情報を入力していた。その現地支局の女性従業員に対し、2015年にカザン地方裁判所は実刑を課した。ロシアの他の都市でも同様のケースが報告されている。

btcnews.jp
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6 min
BTC
Bitcoin Price Analysis: BTC/USD Ready to Confirm Uptrend?

Bitcoin is still completing its inverse head and shoulders reversal pattern and is now testing the neckline.

17 min
Ripple Price Analysis: XRP/USD Remains in Uptrend above $0.32

Ripple price is placed in a positive zone against the US Dollar and Bitcoin. XRP/USD could continue to gain traction above the $0.3400 and $0.3500 levels.

newsbtc.com
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24 min
XMR
Monero [XMR] experiences steep decline in hashrate; community delighted

The world of the crypto news is recently triggered by the significant downfall in the hashrate of Monero [XMR]. This report is in accordance to the Bitinfocharts that stated that after the hard fork, the hashrate has experienced a conspicuous fall. As per the Coinmarketsap, Monero [XMR] which happens to be a privacy coin occupies the tenth position in the list of all cryptocurrencies. Consequently, the downfall has erupted a wave of delight among the Monero community members. One of the crypto enthusiasts has commented on this event, “Monero has won its first battle with ASICs”. The underlying reason that prompted the hard fork was the concern among the community members regarding the upcoming centralisation of the token. See also: Coinhive generates around $240,000 worth of Monero [xmr] each month    

Story in progress . . .

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bcfocus.com
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31 min
What Is Basic Attention Token And How It Will Change Ads

Basic Attention Token is 40th on the crypto market with a market cap of $197 million and while this doesn’t sound much, this digital coin has come a long way. The founder… Continue reading “What Is Basic Attention Token And How It Will Change Ads”

42 min
EOS
EOS Price Analysis: EOS/USD Poised to Break Higher

EOS price formed a support base near $4.50 and recovered against the US Dollar. EOS/USD is currently trading in a positive zone above $5.00 and it could gain further.

53 min
XRP
Crypto Trading Platform Exodus Adds Support for Ripple’s XRP, TrueUSD

Exodus lists XRP and TrueUSD in response to investor demand for the two digital assets.

1 h
ETH
Ethereum (ETH) Price Analysis: On the Lookout for a Breakout

After the strong moves in the previous month, Ethereum is now consolidating inside a symmetrical triangle pattern as bulls and bears wait for catalysts.

1 h
ETH
Ethereum Price Analysis: ETH/USD Could Accelerate Higher

Ethereum price is showing positive signs against the US Dollar and bitcoin. ETH/USD could accelerate gains above the $308 levels if it stays above $290.

newsbtc.com
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1 h
Police Arrest Hackers Alleged in $87 Million Crypto Theft

Chinese police have arrested three individuals who allegedly stole bitcoins and other cryptocurrencies worth around 600 million yuan, or $87 million. 

coindesk.com
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1 h
LTC
Litecoin Price Analysis: LTC/USD Struggling to Break $60

Litecoin price failed to hold gains above $60.00 and declined against the US Dollar. LTC/USD tested the $55.00 support area and it is currently correcting higher.

1 h
BTC
Square Cash Eclipses Venmo In Popularity, But Is It Thanks To Bitcoin?

Square’s Cash app has recently eclipsed Venmo in popularity, which has led many users to ask. Was it because of Cash’s support for Bitcoin?

1 h
XRP
Ripple (XRP) Price Watch: Setting Its Sights Higher

Ripple Price Key Highlights Ripple price has completed its retest of a former resistance level, which has held as support. Price could be due to climb to Ripple price appears to be gaining bullish traction but has yet to break out of a short-term symmetrical triangle.

newsbtc.com
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2 h
XRP
Ripple Price Analysis: XRP/USD Aiming for Upside Targets

Ripple is gaining more bullish traction as it found support at the area of interest visible on the 1-hour chart.

2 h
Another Pornographic Website is Set to Reward Viewers with VIT Tokens

Tube8, a free pornographic video service and a subsidiary of Pornhub, the 27th most famous website in the world, is collaborating with the Vice Industry Token (VIT).

coindoo.com
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$ 6 466.50
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-0.40%
+1.00%
+0.75%
2
Ethereum
ETH
$ 298.36
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-1.01%
+0.49%
-7.03%
3
XRP
XRP
$ 0.340201
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-0.96%
+2.97%
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4
Bitcoin Cash
BCH
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5
EOS
EOS
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+1.99%
6
Stellar
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Litecoin
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Tether
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Cardano
ADA
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10
Monero
XMR
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IOTA
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